Breastfeeding Home Page
Articles on the Stress-Lowering Effects of Breastfeeding

  • Gordon, S. (2009). Breast-feeding can help mom's heart decades later. Health Day, December 20 [click here].

  • Gribble, K. D. (2006). Mental health, attachment and breastfeeding: Implications for adopted children and their mothers. International Breastfeeding Journal, 1(5), doi 10.1186/1746-4358-1181-1185 [click here].

  • Groer, M. W. (2005). Differences between exclusive breastfeeders, formula-feeders, and controls: A study of stress, mood, and endocrine variables. Biological Nursing Research, 7(2), 106-117 [click here].

  • Groër, M. W., Davis, M.W., Smith, K., Casey, K., Kramer, V., & Bukovsky, E. (2005). Immunity, inflammation and infection in post-partum breast and formula feeders. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 54, 222-231 [click here].

  • Groer, M. W., & Davis, M. W. (2006). Cytokines, infections, stress, and dysphoric moods in breastfeeders and formula feeders. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing, 35, 599-607 [click here].

  • Groer, M. W., Davis, M. W., & Hemphill, J. (2002). Postpartum stress: Current concepts and the possible protective role of breastfeeding. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 31(4), 411-417 [click here].

  • Heinrichs, M., Meinlschmidt, G., Neumann, I., Wagner, S., Kirschbaum, C., Ehlert, U., et al. (2001). Effects of suckling on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to psychosocial stress in postpartum lactating women. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 86, 4798-4804 [click here].

  • Kendall-Tackett, K. A. (2007). A new paradigm for depression in new mothers: The central role of inflammation and how breastfeeding and anti-inflammatory treatments protect maternal mental health. International Breastfeeding Journal, 2:6( [click here].

  • Kikusui, T., Winslow, J. T., & Mori, Y. (2006). Social buffering: Relief from stress and anxiety. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Bulletin, 361, 2215-2228 [click here].

  • Montgomery, S. M., Ehlin, A., & Sacker, A. (2006). Breast feeding and resilience against psychosocial stress. Archives of Diseases of Childhood, 91, 990-994 [click here].

  • Ram, K. T., Bobby, P., Hailpern, S. M., Lo, J. C., Schocken, M., Skurnick, J., & Santoro, N. (2008). Duration of lactation is associated with lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in midlife--SWAN, the study of women;s health across the nation. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 198(3), e1-6 [click here]. 

  • Slattery, D. A., & Neumann, I. D. (2008). No stress please! Mechanisms of stress hyporesponsiveness of the maternal brain. Journal of Physiology, 586(2), 377-385 [click here].

  • Stuebe, A.M., Rich-Edwards, J.W., Willett, W.C., Manson, J.E., & Michels, K.B. (2005). Duration of lactation and incidence of type 2 diabetes. Journal of the American Medical Association, 294, 2601-2610 [click here].

  • Uga, E., Candriella, M., Perino, A., Alloni, V., Angilella, G., Trada, M., et al. (2008). Heel lance in newborn during breastfeeding: An evaluation of analgesic effect of this procedure. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 34(3), doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-1134-1183 [click here].

  • Walker, C.-D., Deschamps, S., Proulx, K., Tu, M., Salzman, C., Woodside, B., et al. (2004). Mother to infant or infant to mother? Reciprocal regulation of responsiveness to stress in rodents and the implications for humans. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 29(5), 364-382 [click here].

  • Williams, M. J. A., Williams, S. M., & Poulton, R. (2006). Breast feeding is relate to C-reactive protein concentration in adult women. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60, 146-148 [click here].
The articles on this page focus on the stress-lowering effects of breastfeeding for both mother and baby. If you would like general information about breastfeeding, or are having a breastfeeding challenge, please visit my other site.

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